Reading makes a full man,

conference a ready man,

writing an exact man.

唐·刘禹锡《秋词》:自古逢秋悲寂寥,我言秋日胜春朝。 晴空一鹤排云上,便引诗情到碧霄。
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权势关系下冲突性话语的回应策略及语用分析

发表时间:2021/2/1 17:20:50  作者:JIANG Bing-ying  浏览次数:168  
字体大小: 【小】 【中】 【大】

权势关系下冲突性话语的回应策略及语用分析

——以《风中的女王》为例

摘   要:日常生活中,话语冲突普遍存在于人们的交往中。当人们因为观点、立场、认识等方面不一致时,便会产生对立、否定或争执的状态,冲突性话语也由此产生。在冲突状态下,交际双方通常产生负面情绪,造成多种不良后果。在社会中,权势是交际语境的重要构成部分,受这一因素影响,人们应对话语冲突时使用的策略值得关注。

本文以顺应论作为理论框架,选取美剧《风中的女王》中的对话为语料,进行会话分析和语用分析。重点从会话双方的社会地位、关系层面,对冲突话语的回应策略进行归纳总结。希望能揭示其人际语用功能,帮助交际者选择正确有效的策略来应对冲突,顺利达成目的以及构建良好人际关系。

关键词:冲突性话语;权势;回应策略;顺应论


A Pragmatic Analysis on Response Strategies of Conflict Talk between Different Power Relations

—— A Case Study of American TV Play Reign

Abstract: Conflict talk is a common phenomenon in our daily life. When people have different ideas because of opinion, position, recognition and so on, conflict condition appears, as well as conflict talk. Under conflict condition, there are negative moods between both sides of the communication and many undesirable consequences. Power is one of important components of communicative context in society. Influenced by power, the response strategies used to deal with conflict talk deserve attention.

This report, based on adaptation theory, chooses an American TV play Reign as its discourse corpus to do conversational analysis and pragmatic analysis. From social status and relations, response strategies will be analyzed and summarized. The aim is to reveal the interpersonal functions and help communicators choose suitable strategies to solve conflicts so as to achieve communicators’ purposes and sustain healthy interpersonal relationships.

Key words: conflict talk; power; response strategies; adaptation theory



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