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基于荣格理论的儿童人格双性化研究

发表时间:2021/1/22 20:33:18  浏览次数:529  
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基于荣格理论的儿童人格双性化研究
Research on Children’s Personality Bisexuality
Based on Jung Theory
中文摘要
人格双性化,近几年来在心理学领域有过较多的研究。已有成果主要表现在以下几方面:双性化个体客观存在;双性化个体具有更好的社会适应性;外在环境因素在双性化过程中起关键作用;促进个体人格双性化,就是努力对他们进行培养与塑造等。这些研究大多以实证调查为依据,可以说,在一定程度上为人格双性化的进一步研究提供了良好的基础,但这些研究成果在实际应用时争议颇多。比如:怎样才算是双性化的最好水平,是否只要通过教育与塑造,就一定能使儿童双性化。对这些问题,已有研究似乎还不能很好的回答。
本研究试图对荣格理论进行深入研究,为已有的人格双性化研究结论寻求理论支持。在对荣格原型理论和个性化理论深层次理解和探索的基础上,得出基于荣格理论的儿童人格双性化的阐释:
儿童人格双性化,实际上就是儿童不断个性化的过程。
人格双性化使意识领域和潜意识领域得到很好的整合,使主体性得到充分体现,有利于儿童身心健康。
儿童人格双性化受到遗传与外在环境因素的共同作用,外在环境因素的影响主要表现在激发内源因素处于活跃状态,而不能起决定作用。
促进儿童人格双性化,就是尽可能创造条件,让儿童在成长过程中,充分发挥自身在性别角色特征形成过程中的主体性,实现意识领域和潜意识领域,与周围世界的整合与统一。

关键词:荣格;人格双性化;自我实现;集体无意识;个性化

【Abstract】In recent years, there have been a number of researches on personality bisexuality in the field of psychology. Main achievements lie in that individuals with bisexual personality are verified existence and such people enjoy better social adaptability, that external environment is crucial in the process of bisexuality and that promoting individual personality bisexuality is cultivating and shaping of individuals. Based on empirical investigation, most of those researches have to some extent laid a sound foundation for further study. However, there are still many controversies as to the applications of the resultant findings, e.g. what the optimum bisexuality is, whether children can be bisexualized through education and shaping and so on. Since these questions cannot be satisfactorily explained by existing researches, it is necessary to study personality bisexuality from other angles of view.
The dissertation attempts to study the theory of Jung in depth, and seeks theoretical support for conclusions derived from existing researches on personality bisexuality. Built on the profound understanding and exploration of Jung’s prototype theory and personality theory, the present study brings forth some fresh interpretations of children’s personality bisexuality as follows:
Personality bisexualization of children can be actually regarded as the continuous individuation of children’s personality.
Personality bisexuality helps boost the integration of conscious and subconscious domains and get subjectivity fully expressed, and therefore is conducive to the physical and mental health of children.
Personality bisexuality of children is shaped both genetically and externally. External environmental factors mainly function to activate endogenic factors, and play no decisive role.
To promote personality bisexuality of children, conditions are to be created as far as possible for children to display their subjectivity in the development of gender roles, and achieve integration and unification of conscious and subconscious domains and the external world in the course of their growth.
Keywords: Jung; personality bisexuality; self-realization; collective unconsciousness; individuation


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